OPT employees are also not protected by the minimum salary requirement so that they can be even cheaper than H-1Bs subject to the labor certification protections. They can even work for free for a year; payment requirements do not begin until the extension period.
This will make a US degree even more desirable. With the greed of the universities more US students will be pushed out of enrollment limited programs.
This should also have an effect on the number of advanced degree candidates since much of that group is biding time to a green card.
A family member today told me her son was studying CS and was surprised when I told her that might not be the best long term career choice. She indicated that the students were still of the belief that that major is one where jobs are abundant. My grandchildren are young but budding techies; I suggested to their mother that pharmacy might be a good career choice (it is hard to outsource abroad pill counting and drug compounding) rather than robotics or programming even though their dad (an engineer not in the field at the moment) is helping them with intro programming.
These are the 2014 LCA applications to displace those in the 29 – Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations